Professor Lu Zhi is a leading conservation biologist in China whose research covers multiple-disciplinary fields and deals with the complex sustainability issues for the Chinese society as well as promoting China’s positive influence toward the world. The field projects she leads include the ecosystem services of forests and grasslands, and natural history and conservation strategies of endangered species such as the giant panda and the snow leopard. In recent years, she focused on studying and practicing the mechanism of coexistence between human and nature in both rural and urban areas. In particular, she initiated various experiments testing conservation tools based on economic incentives, cultural values and policy improvements that may benefit local people. She involved in conservation policy making at regional and national levels, and an active member of international conservation discussions.